The Forbidden Indian Island | Mohak Mangal


[] On August 2, 1981 a baggage[ goods/ freight] carry called Primrose which was travellingbetween Bangladesh& Australia crashed[ rolled aground] on a coral reef in the Bay of Bengal. The ship was in theAndaman archipelago[ group of islands] near an island called”North Sentinel Island” The ship’s crew were not able to use theirlifeboats as the sea was too rough[ large-scale ripples ]. After waiting for a few days, a young sailornoticed few people approaching their send. But those people were not thereto help the ship’s crew. Instead, they carried weaponsand they were “The Sentinelese” The captain of the ship sent outan emergency message Wild servicemen, reckon more than 50, carrying various homemade weaponsare shaping two or three wooden boats “Worrying they will board us at sunset.All crew members souls not guaranteed. A week later, the Indian Navy discharged[ send] a helicopter to extricate[ save] the crew. This ship[ Primrose] can still be foundnear the North Sentinel Island.[ The Island we shouldn’t visit] This incident was an accidental interactionwith the Sentinelese. Many more interactions between the Sentinelese& modern humen have taken place. Some interactions were peace& some not so serene. During November of 2018, John Allen Chau, an American missionary shored in Port Blair& wanted to travelto the North Sentinel Island so that he could introduceChristianity to the Sentinelese.He had carefully prepared for this trip& wrote down all the details in his diary. With the help of a few local fishermen, he arrived at the North Sentinel Island with knacks like scissors& fish robs. During the first strive, the Sentinelesewere very aggressive[ viciou] and John Allen Chauhad to return immediately. Even during the second attempt, the Sentinelesewere very aggressive[ viciou] against him. In the third attempt, John Allen Chau was killed. This is the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The region of Andaman islandsincludes more than 300 islands. North, Middle& South Andamanare together called Great Andaman and these are called the Main islandswhere most of the indigenous[ native] parties live. The original inhabitants[ dwellers] of theAndaman islands were announced “Andamanese” who were one of the first groups of peopleto migrate[ relocate] outside, from Africa. A research paper aboutthe Andamanese describe that Usually, the Andamanese were Hunter-gatherers i.e They do NOT engagein Farming/ Agriculture.Instead, they rely[ depend] onFruits, Fish, Honey& Turtle eggs. The height of adult maleswas less than 5 paws[ 1.52 m] and they did not wear any invests. The first recorded contact withthe Andaman Islands was in 1771 when John Ritchie was sent by the Britishto survey these islands. Britishers had periodic[ irregular] contactwith these islands. But, this status changed in 1857. After the Indian Mutiny[ revolt] of 1857, Britishers had proselytized Andaman& Nicobar Islandsinto a Penal Colony[ prison in remote locating ]. i.e. Such a province[ region] whereprisoners were prison, isolated from specific populations. Now the British had a reason toestablish communication with the Andamanese. The first British Superintendent to theAndaman Islands was instructed to inform the Andamanese that the intent ofthe British was of the most FRIENDLY character. But the actual panoramas of Britishersabout the Andamanese, was very different. An official British report mentions “It is impossible to find a tribe which would beleast civilized than the Andamanese” After gaining control over thelocal person of Andaman, the British realized that the Andamanese hadunique[ special] skills which could help the British.They were excellent Bowman[ Arrow crap-shooters ], could swim well& could communicate across kilometres of forest, applying reverberates procreated on trees. So, how did the British usethese neighbourhood Andamanese? To catch captives who fleeing from the penitentiary. The British also found out anotherinteresting fact about the Andamanese. Actually, they were not one group of people. During the 19 th century[ early 1800 s ], there were 5 groups of people in the Andaman Islands. which included 13 types of unique tribesand a different language for each tribe. Since the Andaman Island becamean important part of British India, the total population on these islands have increased. But the local, indigenous[ native] population decreased Out of the 5 radicals, the Jangil tribewent extinct[ was lost forever] around the 1920 s. The Great Andamanese group which includedalmost 10 tribes& had 200 -7 00 people in each tribe. The person of Great Andamanesehas greatly reduced to only 60 parties now. The Onge tribe which has less than 100 beings now had integrated with the Indianpopulation to a great extent. The Jarawa tribe which used to havea population of 9000 earlier, is just 350 now.They are still protected to some extent as they live in a stockpile forestbetween Middle& South Andaman. And, they do NOT come into frequent contactwith the neighbourhood villagers& the Indian Govt. The Sentinelese is an isolated tribe of Andamanwho are completely isolated[ separated ]. The Sentinelese is one ofthe last tribes in the world which has had awfully less interactionwith the modern human civilization. The accurate population of the Sentinelese is NOT known.But as per estimates, it could be between 50 – 500. All the information we have about them are -> through the limited interactions, “weve had” with them.The first recorded mention of North Sentinel Islandwas during the1 8th century[ 1771] when a vessel[ carry] of theEast India Company guided this island and the government has seen a good deal of glowings on the island. From all the interactions we have had withthe Sentinelese, a moment has been clearly proven. The Sentinelese DO NOT want to interact with us! During 1867, an Indian merchant ship which hadalmost 100 beings, including passengers& crewmen met with an incident nearthe coast of North Sentinel Island. 3 days later, they were attacked by peoplewho were naked[ without invests ], had short fuzz had red coated snouts& were attaining strange bangs. The people on the ship were able to escapewith the help of British India’s Royal Navy. After this incident, the North Sentinel Islandwas not distressed for another 80 times. But this changed in 1974 when a film crewwanted to shoot a documentary about the indigenous[ native] populationof Andaman and Nicobar Islands[ Documentary – Man in search of Man] One programme[ mean] the film crew had usedto meet the local population was using gifts like coconuts, food items like fish& pigs.The film crew would slip these giftsat the entering[ coast] of these islands Then they would move back& observeif the local population invited them. This skill is cooperating with the Onge& Jarawa tribes. Fortune( Luck) preferred us, merely by 1974. But this skill did not work with the Sentinelese.[ It was like the Sentinelese believe in isolation][ They is not like any clients, entering into their territory][ One member of the film crew come injuredby one of their arrows][ The arrow was 2.5 m long& it has left a long-lasting mark on the cinema crew .] Nobody knows the reason for why the Sentinelese are so vigorous[ viciou] against modern humans? One speculation blameds this chap – Maurice Vidal Portman.MV Portman was a BritishOfficer-in-Charge of the Andaman Islands He was almost sexually preoccupied[ perpetually allured] with the Andamanese regionals, including the Sentinelese.[ Photos taken by MV Portman for his Research] Once he had seized a Sentinelese duet[ partner& partner] and 4 children, in order to explore them. The marry[ husband& wife] died soon which might have been due to the absence ofgenetic immunity against some diseases. Portman mentions these items in his own booklet[ A History of its relationships with the Andamanese, Vol. II] These bad experiences could be the reason why the Sentinelese do not like to haveany kind of interaction with modern humans. After 1974, the Indian Govt. shaped many attemptsto establish communications with the Sentinelese. Two anthropologists was instrumental in these efforts Anthropologists – TN Pandit( Left)& Madhumala Chattopadhyay( Right) Since 1981, TN Pandit went towards theNorth Sentinel Island several times, carrying offerings. For roughly 10 times, he was not able to achieveany success through these efforts. But this changed in 1991 when an Indian Govt. jaunt[ activity crew] squander practically 30 instants with the Sentinelese. A few days later, TN Pandit who had missed the first trip went back to the North Sentinel Island again& he was successful this time.This trip gave us the first video footageof the Sentinelese. From this video footage, we are able to see that they already had metal weapons. They might have made this weaponfrom the Primrose ship. After 1997, the Indian Govt. refusedto carry out such expeditions[ projects]& initiated a perimeter in different areas of the North Sentinel Island. Many beings feel that we should increaseour interactions with the Sentinelese. What could be the result of such increased interactions? To know this, we will have to look at the Jarawa tribe.Similar to the Sentinelese, the Jarawa tribewas also entirely isolated for many years. During the 1970 s, the Indian Govt. tried very hardto establish contact[ communication] with them. The Jarawa tribe reacted aggressively[ violently ]. But numerous assignments turned out to be successful. Like the 1974 documentary gang, who were one ofthe very few people, to get access to the Jarawa tribe. During the 1970 s, the Indian Govt.constructed the Andaman Trunk Road which delivered through areas of the Jarawa tribe. As a develop, the contact between beings, our Govt .& the Jarawa tribe increased enormously. As a result of more interactions, the Jarawa tribe which did not know anything aboutLiquor[ Alcohol]& Tobacco, got ADDICTED to both. Inspite of the Indian Govt. restricting the practiceof making pictures, interacting with Jarawas illegal tourism is still going on. In 2012, a video get favourite in which few tourists invited Jarawa wives& children to dance on superhighways in exchange for food. The natural question is what will the Sentinelese getin return, after installing communication with us.This tension between modern humans& regional tribesis neither a brand-new publish nor unique[ specific] to India. As of today, our Govt. has taken a utilitarian perspective[ beneficial/ practical stance] to solve these problems. If we need to operate a mine or erect a artery in thesetribal regions which could benefit a lot more people Why don’t we make love? Because this is a Utilitarian Society[ Activites for the betterment of civilization are given] We live in a Capitalist societywhere we assign an economic value to everything. And, we could compensate[ pay back] the tribals in some way. We could blame ethic to things like land.But, how do we delegate a evaluate to things like Culture? The last are part of the Bo tribeof the Great Andamanese, died in 2010. Along with her death, both the language& culture of the Bo tribe is lost forever. At present, we have decided that we will NOT haveany form of their relationships with the Sentinelese. Is it because there is ocean water separating us? Will we have the same decision if it was tribals fromthe forests of Telangana or the mountains of Ladakh? We know that any form of substantial[ major] interaction with the Sentinelese will result in the extinguishing[ death] of their part tribal person as they do not have genetic immunityagainst many diseases.This might be the reason whywe do not want to interact with them. Would this decision of ours be differentif we discover oil reserves in the North Sentinel Island? Or if it has some other valuable rich? What price would we assign tothe Island, its parties& their CULTURE? WE, as a SOCIETY will haveto decide the answer to this question.[ Support on Patreon – Link in description ].

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